Although ovarian cyst may not be painful at the beginning, but if it is left untreated, it may become severe. If you have an ovarian cyst, it is recommended to consult a doctor to find out more about its nature, symptoms and possible treatment. Ovarian cyst may be filled with either fluid or partially solid mass of tissue. This type of cyst is usually benign (non-cancerous) and therefore the symptoms are generally mild. Though some ovarian cysts occur without any pain and only cause no damage, some other women having cysts also experience serious symptoms like pelvic pain, nausea, and excessive abdominal and lower back pains.
Some of the causes of this condition include the growth of follicular units in the pituitary gland, irregular menstrual cycle, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), and genetic problems such as cystic ovarian syndrome (COS). The symptoms mentioned above are also common to women who have cystic ovarian syndrome. The usual causes of ovarian cyst are ovulation disorders. During ovulation, the egg is released from the ovary. If during the menstrual cycle, an egg is not released, then there is an inadequate supply of eggs for the ovaries.
Normally, the eggs leave the ovaries and fertilize in the fallopian tubes once they reach the earth. But if there is a malfunction, the egg may not leave the ovary in the normal way and become stuck in the follicle. This may result to abnormal growth of cells in the pituitary gland and the ovarian cyst. There are also cases that excess female hormones in the bloodstream to stimulate the ovaries and they start to release an egg in the form of fluid. However, there is still no explanation about the causes of ovarian cyst.