Technology is basically the sum of human knowledge, skills, instruments, techniques, and systems used in the creation of various products or services and in the achievement of specific goals, including scientific research. The word was first used by the scientist Louis Pasteur, who postulated that the changes in a material’s structure can be attributed to the changing ideas of its creator. It is also referred to as a discipline that studies the interactions of technology and society. A technology is often defined as an invention, a new process, an innovation, or a product that goes beyond what has been done before.
One of the most popular examples of technological systems is the computer. Computers have revolutionized nearly every aspect of our lives including business, transportation, communications, healthcare, government, medicine, arts, and many other areas. Computers are used to create and accomplish complex tasks that were previously accomplished only by specialists and engineers. Examples include the application of the computer to create the Internet, to produce and deliver films and videos, to operate the Global Positioning System, and to map the human body. Computer engineering plays an important role in developing, creating, and using technological systems.
There has been a great deal of discussion recently about the role technology use and the digital divide plays in reducing the opportunity for individuals to participate in economic activity. The research has been conducted by leading experts from the American Institute of Physics, Oxford University, and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. These discussions have resulted in a number of theories and projections about the future of work and the economy. Some of the findings of these studies suggest that the divide between the technological elite and the rest of the working class may widen even further.
In order to bridge the yawning knowledge gap between those who possess more advanced technological skills and those who do not, there are a number of steps that governments around the world can take. One of these steps is to increase the educational opportunities for girls in developing countries. This can be done through governmental grants and loans, higher levels of technical education, and the creation of more technical jobs in low-income sectors. In addition to this, it is important to ensure that there is a higher level of participation by women in technological activities. For example, setting up a home based business, joining the national workforce, or obtaining higher education can all help increase a woman’s knowledge about technology and make her more qualified to contribute to the technological divide.
The other major way that technology use and the digital divide narrow is through the increased usage of services such as email, text messaging, and social networking sites on cellular phones. While this might seem harmless, researchers have found that this type of use can reduce the knowledge gap between those who own computers and those who do not. In fact, those who are familiar with email and messaging might be at a disadvantage when compared to those who know nothing about it. Another potential solution to the problem comes in the form of net neutrality, a policy adopted in some parts of the US and the European Union that would prevent Internet service providers from blocking or slowing down sites that are related to certain products or services.
Technological progress can often seem like a gift to people who have already made important technological advances. However, this type of progression can often result in economic dislocations and create unequal access to technological advancements for those who cannot afford them. For instance, the creation of email and other online applications can create a world of opportunity, but only for those who can afford to purchase the technology. Similarly, the creation of cheaper, more widely available ways to communicate can help those who cannot afford expensive phones, televisions, or computers, but can still access the internet service providers that provide these facilities.